Diabetes prevention and management

Diabetes is the 7th leading cause of deaths in Louisiana. The Health Promotion team has worked diligently to develop strategies to increase access and awareness about diabetes, diabetes self-management education programs and diabetes prevention programs to decrease the burden of this disease.


Diabetes Facts: Louisiana

  • Diabetes is one of the leading causes of death in Louisiana.

  • About 10% of Louisiana adults have been diagnosed with diabetes.

  • Louisiana's mortality rate is the 5th highest in the United States.

  • In Louisiana, African Americans are 38% more likely to have diabetes than Caucasians.

  • Approximately 10% of adults in Louisiana have self-reported as having prediabetes, or are at high risk for type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes Symptoms

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes

  • Increased thirst and urination
  • Constant hunger
  • Weight loss
  • Blurred vision
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Symptoms usually develop over a short period of time.
  • Fatigue
  • Frequent urination
  • Increased thirst and hunger
  • Weight loss
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow healing of wounds or sores
  • Symptoms develop gradually. Some people with type 2 diabetes may have no symptoms.


Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease, which causes your pancreas to not produce insulin or enough insulin to use the sugar you eat. Insulin is a hormone that moves sugar (glucose) into cells to provide energy.  

There is no cure for type 1 diabetes, and this condition is managed by daily insulin delivery by injection. Type 1 diabetes makes up 5-10% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is most commonly diagnosed in young children, but can also be diagnosed in adults. 

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes can affect people at any age, and more often in people who are overweight and inactive. In type 2 diabetes, the body becomes insulin resistant, which is a condition that occurs when fat, muscle, and liver cells cannot use insulin to move glucose into the body's cells for energy. The pancreas is responsible for making insulin, but over time insulin production decreases and blood sugar levels increase.

Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include:

  • Obesity
  • Fat distribution
  • Family history
  • Race
  • Age
  • Physical inactivity
  • Prediabetes
  • Gestational diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is preventable, but not curable.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes is the presence of high blood glucose levels during pregnancy in women with no prior diagnosis of diabetes. Gestational diabetes affects about 4% of women in the United States. Please watch this video to learn more.

Video courtesy of the American Diabetes Association

Learn More about Prediabetes

Prediabetes is a condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes. Having prediabetes increases an individual's risk for developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Here are the stats:

  • More than 1 out of 3 American adults have prediabetes
  • 15-30% of people with prediabetes will develop type 2 diabetes
  • 9 out of 10 people do not know they have prediabetes

To find out if you are at risk for prediabetes, take the risk test on the right side of this page.

If you are at risk for type 2 diabetes, or prediabetic, talk to your primary care provider about preventive care.

The best way to prevent type 2 diabetes is to adopt healthy eating habits and increase physical activity. For tips please visit the Healthy Eating and On The Go pages on this website.

For Providers

For Diabetes Educators

Introduction to Diabetes Self-Management Education and Barriers to Education - Webinar

Sustainable Diabetes Self-Management Education - Webinar

Driving Traffic to CDC-Recognized Lifestyle Change Programs - Webinar

JOIN the Diabetes Educator Network
The purpose of this network is to convene a group of individuals dedicated to diabetes prevention and management education in Louisiana. Interested participants will have the opportunity to receive technical assistance, training, and network with other programs across the state. If you are interested in participating in this group, please contact Jamila Freightman at jamila.freightman@la.gov or 225-342-2673.

Training Opportunities
Money Matters!  Increase Your MNT Reimbursement Now!
June 29, 2016 at 1 PM CST.

Medicare MNT Reim_ABN_6-3-16_2slidesPerPg.pdf

DSMT-MNT_Obesity Counseling Referral Form_Branded_ICD-10_v2.doc

One Day Training Program 

Date: July 22, 2016  8AM-5:00PM
Location: Bienville Building 628, North 4 Street, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70802


Training Topics:

  • Motivational interviewing and adult learning principles: E.M.A. tools for successful behavior change: Empowerment, Motivational interviewing and Adult learning
  • Keys to increasing sustainability of MNT/DSME programs
  • Evidence-based nutrition practice guidelines for diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia

If you are traveling from out of town, here is a list of hotels near the Bienville Building in Downtown Baton Rouge.